Fa cup pokal
6. Jan. Der englische Rekord-Pokalsieger FC Arsenal ist erstmals unter Trainer Arsène Wenger schon in der dritten Runde des englischen FA Cups. Der Football League Cup, auch bekannt unter der abkürzenden Bezeichnung League Cup (auf deutsch auch Ligapokal) und der aktuellen Bezeichnung. Der FA Cup /18 (Sponsorname: Emirates FA Cup) ist die Austragung.
Bundesliga , along with the top four finishers of the 3. Liga are automatically qualified for the tournament. Of the remaining slots 21 are given to the cup winners of the regional football associations, the Verbandspokale.
The three remaining slots are given to the three regional associations with the most men's teams. They may assign the slot as they see fit but usually give it to the runner-up in the association cup.
As every team taking part in the German football league system is entitled to participate in local tournaments which qualify for the association cups, every team can in principle compete in the DFB-Pokal.
Reserve teams like Borussia Dortmund II are not permitted to enter. For the first round, the 64 teams are split into two pots of One pot contains the 18 teams from the previous season of the Bundesliga and the top 14 teams from the previous season of the 2.
The other pot contains the bottom 4 teams from the previous season of the 2. Bundesliga, the top 4 teams from the previous season of the 3.
Liga and the 24 amateur teams that qualified through regional football tournaments. Teams from one pot are drawn against teams from the other pot.
Since , the teams from the pot containing amateur teams play the game at home. For the second round, the teams are again divided into two pots according to the same principles.
Depending on the results of the first round, the pots might not be equal in terms of number. Teams from one pot are drawn against teams from the other pot until one pot is empty.
The remaining teams are then drawn against each other with the team first drawn playing the game at home.
For the remaining rounds, other than the final, the teams are drawn from one pot. Since the final has been held in the Olympic Stadium in Berlin.
Extra time will be played if the scores are level after 90 minutes with a penalty shootout following if needed. Historically the number of participants in the main tournament has varied between four from until and from through resulting in tournaments of two to seven rounds.
Since the inception of the Bundesliga in all clubs from the Bundesliga are automatically qualified for the DFB-Pokal as are all clubs from the 2.
Bundesliga since its inception in Reserve sides for most of the time were allowed to participate in the DFB-Pokal but have been excluded since The final has been held at the Olympic Stadium in Berlin every season since Before , the host of the final was determined on short notice.
Originally the cup games were held over two 45 minute halves with two 15 minute overtime periods in case of a draw.
If the score was still level after minutes the game was replayed with the home field right reversed. In the Tschammer-Pokal the semi-final between Waldhof Mannheim and Wacker Wien was played to a draw three times before the game was decided by lot.
The German Football Association decided to hold a penalty shootout if the replay was another draw after a similar situation arose in the cup , when the match between Alemannia Aachen and Werder Bremen had to be decided by lot after two draws.
In —72 and —73 , the matches were held over two legs. The second leg was extended by two additional minute overtime periods if the aggregate was a draw after both legs.
In case the extension brought no decision, a penalty shootout was held. In , the final 1. Following the —15 edition, the competition was suspended due to the First World War , and did not resume until — The —23 competition saw the first final to be played in the newly opened Wembley Stadium known at the time as the Empire Stadium.
Due to the outbreak of World War II , the competition was not played between the —39 and —46 editions.
Due to the wartime breaks, the competition did not celebrate its centenary year until —81 ; fittingly the final featured a goal by Ricky Villa which was later voted the greatest goal ever scored at Wembley Stadium, but has since been replaced by Steven Gerrard.
Having previously featured replays, the modern day practice of ensuring the semi-final and final matches finish on the day, was introduced from onwards.
Redevelopment of Wembley saw the final played outside of England for the first time, the — finals being played at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.
The final returned to Wembley in , followed by the semi-finals from The competition is open to any club down to Level 10 of the English football league system which meets the eligibility criteria.
All clubs in the top four levels the Premier League and the three divisions of the Football League are automatically eligible. Clubs in the next six levels non-league football are also eligible provided they have played in either the FA Cup, FA Trophy or FA Vase competitions in the previous season.
Newly formed clubs, such as F. United of Manchester in —06 and also —07 , may not therefore play in the FA Cup in their first season.
All clubs entering the competition must also have a suitable stadium. It is very rare for top clubs to miss the competition, although it can happen in exceptional circumstances.
Manchester United did not defend their title in — , as they were already in the inaugural Club World Championship. The club stated that entering both tournaments would overload their fixture schedule and make it more difficult to defend their Champions League and Premier League titles.
The club claimed that they did not want to devalue the FA Cup by fielding a weaker side. The move benefited United as they received a two-week break and won the — league title by an point margin, although they did not progress past the group stage of the Club World Championship.
The withdrawal from the FA Cup, however, drew considerable criticism as this weakened the tournament's prestige and Sir Alex Ferguson later admitted his regret regarding their handling of the situation.
Welsh sides that play in English leagues are eligible, although since the creation of the League of Wales there are only six clubs remaining: In the early years other teams from Wales, Ireland and Scotland also took part in the competition, with Glasgow side Queen's Park losing the final to Blackburn Rovers in and before being barred from entering by the Scottish Football Association.
In the —14 season the first Channel Island club entered the competition when Guernsey F. The number of entrants has increased greatly in recent years.
In the —05 season, clubs entered the competition, beating the long-standing record of from the —22 season. In —06 this increased to entrants, in —07 to , in —08 to clubs, and for the —09 and —10 competitions it reached By comparison, the other major English domestic cup, the League Cup , involves only the 92 members of the Premier League and Football League.
Beginning in August, the competition proceeds as a knockout tournament throughout, consisting of twelve rounds, a semi-final and then a final, in May.
A system of byes ensures clubs above Level 9 and 10 enter the competition at later stages. There is no seeding , the fixtures in each round being determined by a random draw.
Prior to the quarter-finals, fixtures ending in a tie are replayed once only. The next six rounds are the "proper" rounds where all clubs are in one draw.
Entrants from the bottom two levels 9 and 10 begin the competition in the Extra Preliminary Round. Clubs from higher levels are then added in later rounds, as per the table below.
The months in which rounds are played are traditional, with exact dates subject to each year's calendar. The qualifying rounds are regionalised to reduce the travel costs for smaller non-league sides.
The first and second proper rounds were also previously split into Northern and Southern sections, but this practice was ended after the —98 competition.
The final is normally held the Saturday after the Premier League season finishes in May. The only seasons in recent times when this pattern was not followed were — , when most rounds were played a few weeks earlier than normal as an experiment, and —11 and —13 when the FA Cup Final was played before the Premier League season had finished, to allow Wembley Stadium to be ready for the UEFA Champions League final,  as well as in —12 to allow England time to prepare for that summer's European Championships.
Thereafter, the draw for each subsequent round is not made until after the scheduled dates for the previous round, meaning that in the case of replays, clubs will often know their future opponents in advance.
The draw for each of the proper rounds is broadcast live on television, usually taking place at the conclusion of live coverage of one of the games of the previous round.
Public interest is particularly high during the draw for the third round, which is where the top-ranked teams are added to the draw. In rounds up to and including the fifth round proper, fixtures resulting in a draw after normal time go to a replay , played at the venue of the away team, at a later date; if that replay is still tied, the winner is settled by a period of extra time , and if still necessary, a penalty shootout.
Since —17 , ties are settled on the day from the quarter-finals onwards, using extra time and penalties. Until —91 , further replays would be played until one team was victorious.
Some ties took as many as six matches to settle; in their campaign, Fulham played a total of 12 games over six rounds, which remains the most games played by a team to reach a final.
This led to penalty shoot-outs being introduced, the first of which came on 26 November when Rotherham United eliminated Scunthorpe United.
From —81 to —99 , the semi-finals went to extra time on the day if the score after 90 minutes was a draw. If the score was still level after extra time, the match would go to a replay.
Replays for the semi-finals were scrapped for — , the last semi-final to go into a replay was in —99 when Manchester United beat Arsenal 2—1 after extra time.
The first game had ended in a 0—0 draw. The initial tie finished 1—1 but the Royal Engineers won the replay 2—0 in normal time.
The replay saw Arsenal win the FA Cup, 2—1 after extra time. The original game at Old Trafford ended in a 1—1 draw, while Manchester United won the replay at the Boleyn Ground , 2—1.
This European place applies even if the team is relegated or is not in the English top flight. FA Cup winners enter the Europa League at the group stage.
Losing finalists, if they haven't qualified for Europe via the league, began earlier, at the play-off or third qualifying round stage.
The FA Cup winners also qualify for the following season's single-match FA Community Shield , the traditional season opener played against the previous season's Premier League champions or the Premier League runners-up if the FA Cup winners also won the league — the double.
Fixtures in the 12 rounds of the competition are usually played at the home ground of one of the two teams.
The semi-finals and final are played at a neutral venue — the rebuilt Wembley Stadium since and respectively. In the matches for the twelve competition rounds, the team who plays at home is decided when the fixtures are drawn — simply the first team drawn out for each fixture.
Occasionally games may have to be moved to other grounds due to other events taking place, security reasons or a ground not being suitable to host popular teams.
In the event of a draw , the replay is played at the ground of the team who originally played away from home.
In the days when multiple replays were possible, the second replay and any further replays were played at neutral grounds. The clubs involved could alternatively agree to toss for home advantage in the second replay.
The semi-finals have been played exclusively at the rebuilt Wembley Stadium since , one year after it opened and after it had already hosted a final in For the first decade of the competition, the Kennington Oval was used as the semi-final venue.
In the period between this first decade and the reopening of Wembley, semi-finals were played at high-capacity neutral venues around England; usually the home grounds of teams not involved in that semi-final, chosen to be roughly equidistant between the two teams for fairness of travel.
The top three most used venues in this period were Villa Park in Birmingham 55 times , Hillsborough in Sheffield 34 times and Old Trafford in Manchester 23 times.
The original Wembley Stadium was also used seven times for semi-final, between and the last held there , but not always for fixtures featuring London teams.
In , both were held at the Millennium Stadium. In the FA took the decision to permanently use the new Wembley for semi-finals to recoup debts in financing the new stadium.
The final has been played at the rebuilt Wembley Stadium since it opened, in Prior to rebuilding, the final was hosted by the original Wembley Stadium since it opened in being originally named the Empire Stadium.
One exception to this 78 year series of Empire Stadium finals including five replays was the replay between Leeds and Chelsea, held at Old Trafford in Manchester.
In the 51 years prior to the Empire Stadium opening, the final including 8 replays was held in a variety of locations, predominantly in London, and mainly at the Kennington Oval and then Crystal Palace.
It was played 22 times at The Oval the inaugural competition in , and then all but two times until After The Oval, Crystal Palace hosted 21 finals from to , broken up by four replays elsewhere.
The other London venues were Stamford Bridge from to the last three finals before the move to Empire Stadium ; and the University of Oxford's Lillie Bridge in Fulham for the second ever final, in The other venues used sparingly in this period were all outside of London, as follows:.
The FA permitted artificial turf 3G pitches in all rounds of the competition from the —15 edition and beyond.
The trophy comes in three parts — the cup itself, plus a lid and a base. There have been two designs of trophy in use, but five physical trophies have been presented.
It was stolen in and never recovered, and so was replaced by an exact replica, used until The FA decided to change the design after the winners, Manchester United, made their own replica, leading the FA to realise they did not own the copyright.
This third replica, first used in , was built heavier to withstand the increased handling. The name of the winning team is engraved on the silver band around the base as soon as the final has finished, in order to be ready in time for the presentation ceremony.
At Cardiff the presentation was made on a podium on the pitch. Fyra klubbar har vunnit FA-cupen i följd vid mer än ett tillfälle: Wanderers , och , , , Blackburn Rovers , , och , , Tottenham Hotspur , och , , och Arsenal , och , Arsenal och Manchester United delar rekordet med tre dubblar var.
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